Genealogies

I.  The Purpose of a genealogy

            A.  they establish Jesus’ credentials

            B.  Matthew, writing to a Jewish audience takes his genealogy back to Abraham

                        1.  Matthew picks up where the genealogies in Genesis 5 and 11 leave off

                        2.  Matthew’s emphasis is on the fulfillment of Jesus’ Sonship in terms of

     the Abrahamic promise

3.  Note prominence of David and Abraham in Matthew’s genealogy

            C.  Luke, writing to a Gentile audience, takes his genealogy back to Adam

                        1.  Luke wants to show that the whole world has a connection to Jesus

                        2.  Luke emphasizes Sonship in terms of Jesus’ divine Sonship

                        3.  Luke also emphasizes Jesus as the “second Adam”, which is why the

     genealogy is found just before the temptation account—showing that

     Jesus succeeded where Adam failed (see 1 Corinthians 15:42-49 and

     Romans 5:12-14)

            D.  The point is that Jesus has the proper credentials to be the agent of salvation

      not only of the Jews but of the whole world!

II.  Differences between Matthew and Luke’s genealogies

            A.  Matthew traces from David to Solomon, Luke from David to Nathan

            B.  Luke has significantly more people in his genealogy

            C.  Matthew leaves out 4 kings in his line

                        1.  Joash, Amaziah, Ahaziah, and Jehoiakim

                        2.  These 4 kings were connected to curses in Hebrew tradition

            D.  Matthew’s three groups of 14 aren’t really fourteen (to make it work there is

      duplication in the third but not the second)

III.  Solutions

A.  Luther proposed that Luke’s genealogy was traced through Mary and   

      Matthew’s through Joseph

B.  Also has been proposed that Luke’s genealogy is a biological genealogy of

      Jesus and Matthew’s is a theological or “kingly” geneaology

C.  The point is that Jewish genealogies were not done to see all of the biological

      connections, but their purpose was to show a theological connection to the

      covenant body—Matthew’s certainly does this

IV.  The Women—Matthew’s genealogy contains 5 women—very unusual

            A.  Tamar (Genesis 38:27-30)—seduced her father in law by masquerading as a

      prostitute

            B.  Rahab (Joshua 2)—a prostitute

            C.  Ruth (Ruth)—a Moabitess, the Moabites descended from the incestuous

                    relationship of Lot and his daughter

            D.  The Wife of Uriah (Bathsheba—2 Samuel 11&12, also Psalm 51)—an

      adultress

            E.  The point?  Jesus’ messiahship is not just for those who are “in authority” but

      is for all kinds of people

 

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